Shatter is a fragile, glasslike cannabis product that tends to break when handled, and hence the name shatter. It is derived from its fragility just like glass and is preferred by many because of its ease of handling when used for dabbing. This requires a lot of subtle purging to remove all the solvents properly that is used in the process of production.
Shatter is a type of cannabis concentrate extract that is made or produced by combining weed materials and solvents. It appears to be translucent; the colour type can be anything from honey-like bright or dark yellow and even like the colour of olive oil.
Taking a look at the visual perspective of different kinds of shatter, they look like they have the same type of consistency however. The physical consistency of each product can be different, from extremely fragile to something like taffy that has a snap or pull quality. These are characters that give some insights into what the individual products are in the cannabis profile.
Particularly, if a shatter has high tetrahydrocannabinol or normally referred to as THC, it will be sappier as compared to a product that has high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol acid, normally known as THCA, this is essentially the most fragile as compared to any other shatter. Under normal room temperature, THC is like oil, giving high THC concentration and viscous consistency, and on the other hand, THCA in room temperature is solid and yields a fragile concentrate that is easy to break apart.
About CBD Shatter:
Shatter is best known for having THC at very high levels, many of the companies making concentrates also make a variety of shatter that has high CBD but at the same time is low on THC. With that being said the CBD is normally made for consumers who need the medicinal benefits from cannabis, without giving the intoxication of THC. Since this product contains a concentrated dose of CBD it can be good medicine for marijuana patients who are interested in getting better and healthier.
Let us go back in time before the Canadian cannabis & marijuana industry was legalized. The products were limited, mainly dominated by hash as well as flowers and a few other things. They were homemade concoctions that were traded with patients who wanted better medicine. After two decades those days are now history and long lost memories. Now you walk down to a retail store and see shelves that are filled with concentrates in bulk, this would feel alien-like to the old school cannabis lovers. Today the consumers seek cannabis products like shatter, and other products like wax or live resin, we will talk about in this article a little later.
These marijuana and cannabis ‘concentrate’ products have a similar potency but are extracted using a much more fascinating high-tech mechanism or process. Butane Honey or better known as BHO was just the start, nowadays preparing concentrations to require gas as well as liquid chromatography along with mass spectrophotometry and other lab-based technical processes. Remember, this also requires highly trained and certified lab technicians.
Confused? Don’t be, we already have discussed shatter, now let us understand the other types of concentrates that are derived out of cannabis.
It is also popularly called budder as well as frosting, it has a softer consistency as compared to shatter. This concentrates texture can range from being a soft icing budder or creamy wax to something similar to a sticky candle. Similar to shatter, this is also produced through a similar solvent-based process. The key difference in consistency appears in the final stages of the extraction process.
Wax has a creamy consistency as if it was whipped, simply because they are agitated while they enter the cooldown stage. The whipping process that is done for several hours after extraction helps in evaporating the moisture, solvent molecules, and also helps in preserving more terpenes as compared to the shatter production process.
HTFSE (High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract):
As the taste of the consumer has developed in this new cannabis industry, so has the extraction process. HTFSE, which is an abbreviated version of High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract, has heightened the demand for rich flavours. The traditional extraction methods waste most of the volatile terpenes through the harsh process. HTFSE is the new process of extraction that is technically focused on Terpene conservation rather than the potency of cannabinoid.
This concentrate has more to do with the original material of the plant rather than any of the above extraction processes. The forms of concentrate come from the dried plant material that has been cured or preserved. But this comes from the fresh and the instantly frozen materials of the plant.
These are harvested when the potency is at the maximum or peak, the instant freezing of the fresh plant materials helps to lock the volatile terpenes as well as the cannabinoids that are lost due to the curing process. Since they are high on the terpene content these resins are called HTFSE.
Another aspect that differentiates these resins from the other concentrates is the temperature at which they are extracted. The lightweight hydrocarbons used in the process help to extract these resins at almost freezing temperatures, hence preserve the terpenes in the process.
This extraction has many shades to it, however, it is again to preserve the terpene. Popularly called the “terp sauce” or “diamonds”. The name sauce is given because of its consistency; it is liquid-like or let us just say sauce-like. Depending on which stage the extraction happens, this may also have some crystal-like structure called the THCa, and hence the name “diamonds”.
This sauce has HCFSE and HTFSE, however, these can be simply individual components that have been broken down. Its extraction is also a solvent-based process at low temperature.
Using techniques to adjust the temperature or a simple centrifuge, the producers can extract the pure form of terpene sauce from the cannabinoids diamonds. It can be sold as a concentrate or separately as crystals and sauce.
Finally, as the tastes of the consumers evolve and with the advent of technology that allows even better precision extraction, the process gets better and the products get potent to as high as 90 percent. The taste buds prefer flavours, given the history and the current trend, it will be interesting to see what the future holds.